The XXXII Reunión Nacional de Suelos organized by researchers from the field of edaphology belonging to the University of Seville and the Institute of Natural Resources and Agrobiology of Seville (IRNAS-CSIC) took place in Seville (Spain) on 10-13 September 2019. This meeting is an initiative of the Spanish Society of Soil Science (SECS) that has been taking place since 1973 as they organize excursions to get to know different Spanish soils.
The meeting began with a session of posters and presentations framed within different themes (see Abstracts Book). Within the theme of “Study and recovery of contaminated soils” Marta Gil Martínez, predoctoral researcher at IRNAS-CSIC, presented a study on the fungal functional diversity in trace element contaminated soils from the Guadiamar Green Corridor.
In this study, the soil fungal communities were analyzed with a methodology of next generation sequencing in soils with different levels of contamination by trace elements and with different plant covers. The results showed that the phytoremediation plan established after the Aznalcóllar mining accident has favored the development of fungal communities by increasing their species richness and diversity. Both the type of vegetation covers and the properties of the soil determine the structure of the fungal communities. Under the poplar and pine trees, the communities of ectomycorrhizal fungi dominate, and under the wild olive and herbaceous species dominate arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, due to the specific symbiosis of each type of vegetation with the fungi.
Access to the poster in this link:
Gil-Martínez M, López-García Á, Navarro-Fernández CM, Domínguez MT, Marañón T (2019). Fungal functional diversity in trace element contaminated soils from the Guadiamar Green Corridor. XXXII Reunión Nacional de Suelos (Seville).
In the following days we made three diverse and representative itineraries of the main soils and landscapes of Western Andalusia: 1) a protected and unique space in Europe, Doñana National Park; 2) a global example of restoration such as the Guadiamar Green Corridor, a protected area after the Aznalcóllar mining disaster, and finally 3) the Mediterranean soils of the valley and countryside of Carmona.
In the Doñana National Park, the researcher Luis Clemente (IRNAS-CSIC) explained the types of soils and the various ecosystems that Doñana include. In the Guadiamar Green Corridor we visited the Aznalcóllar mine and the researchers María Teresa Domínguez (University of Seville) and Engracia Madejón (IRNAS-CSIC) explained the details of the accident and the studies that have been carried out since then. In Carmona, we study two soil profiles with the help of Antonio Jordán (University of Seville).